The butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck is known as the thyroid gland. Thyroid gland releases hormones that control the metabolism in the body and a number of other functions such as consumption of oxygen, energy and so on. When the cells in this gland mutate abnormally, they cause thyroid cancer. It is one of the most treatable cancers. Throat pain, lumps in the neck, vocal changes, persistent cough and difficulty in swallowing are some of the symptoms of thyroid cancer. It can be diagnosed by a number of tests such as physical examination, CT scan, biopsy, ultrasound scan, PET scan, and radioiodine scan.
Thyroid cancer and the treatments for the same tend to damage the immune system of the body. It is essential to follow a nutritious diet program to provide the necessary strength to your body to fight the cancer and to withstand the effects of the treatment. Patients with thyroid cancer should include the following food groups in their diet.
Whole grains are filled with the goodness of health. They contain a number of vitamins, minerals, fiber, and protein, which are essential to promote good health. Whole grains have a low-glycemic index, which helps in better management of blood sugar levels and digestive health. Patients with thyroid cancer can include foods such as whole grain bread, pasta, and cereals in their diet.
Colorful fruits and vegetables
Vegetables and fruits are rich in antioxidants, which help to reduce the oxidative stress and prevent cancers. The antioxidants also help to strengthen the immune system and help to fight infections. Some of the sources of antioxidants are broccoli, sweet potatoes, carrots, bell peppers in various colors, tomatoes, papaya, citrus fruits, mangoes, plums, and red grapes.
Patients suffering from thyroid cancer should consume drinks that are high in protein and provide energy. They should consume drinks with a milk base. Full cream milk is the best option to provide high energy. Patients with lactose intolerance can consume soy milk or other varieties of low lactose milk.
Meat and seafood
Fish containing Omega 3 fatty acids promote heart health and improve brain function. Cold water fish such as salmon, tuna, flounder, sardines and lake trout are sources of Omega 3 fatty acids.
Thyroid cancer patients must include meats such as poultry, beef, lamb and pork in their diet. These meats strengthen the immune system.
Unrefined sea salt
Patients suffering with thyroid cancer should stay away from processed salt as it is loaded with unwanted chemicals. Natural salts such as unrefined sea salt or Himalayan Pink salt can be included in the diet.
Good fats contain anti-inflammatory properties and also strengthen the immune system. Some sources of good fats are olive oil, avocado oil, nuts and meat of grass-fed animals.
Reduced consumption of sweets and caffeine
Too much of sugar in the diet increases inflammation in the body, which may lead to cancer. Caffeine is a powerful stimulant, which exhausts the different glands in the body. Patients suffering from thyroid cancer should limit their intake of sugar and caffeine.
Including the above foods in your diet will help to strengthen the immune system of your body, and provide the body with the essential nutrients that aid in the recovery process.